[16], By the Highest rescript of 17 June 1792 addressed to General Kakhovsky it was ordered to establish the Dniester Border Line of fortresses. The average annual temperature of sea is 13–14 °C (55–57 °F), whilst seasonal temperatures range from an average of 6 °C (43 °F) in the period from January to March, to 23 °C (73 °F) in August. Due to the fluctuating slopes of land, city planners are responsible for monitoring the stability of such areas, and for preserving potentially threatened building and other structures of the city above sea level near water. During the Soviet period (until 1991) the city functioned as the USSR's largest trading port; it continues in a similar role as independent Ukraine's busiest international port. Poet Anna Akhmatova was born in Bolshoy Fontan near Odessa,[66] however her further work was not connected with the city and its literary tradition. According to the 2001 census, Ukrainians make up a majority (62 percent) of Odessa's inhabitants, along with an ethnic Russian minority (29 percent). There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Odessa. The city's public transit system is currently made up of trams,[82] trolleybuses, buses and fixed-route taxis (marshrutkas). Odessa's most iconic symbol, the Potemkin Stairs, is a vast staircase that conjures an illusion so that those at the top only see a series of large steps, while at the bottom all the steps appear to merge into one pyramid-shaped mass. Within the park there are a variety of cultural and entertainment facilities, and wide pedestrian avenues. (Note: Richter studied in Odessa but wasn't born there.). one of the founding fathers of Odessa, together with another Frenchman, Count Andrault de Langeron, who succeeded him in office. During the 19th century, Odessa was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. Water Temperatures for the nearest location Odessa are: Below you will find information about the occurrence of weather phenomena in Odessa: [12] On Italian navigational maps of 14th century on the place of Odessa is indicated the castle of Ginestra, at the time the center of a colony of the Republic of Genoa (more Gazaria). With a staff of 1,200 (mostly guards and janitors), the market is also the region's largest employer. [5] Its historical architecture has a style more Mediterranean than Russian, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec. What is the weather like in December in Odessa? Figure skaters Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov won the 1994 and 1998 Olympic gold medals as well as the 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 World Championships in ice dance. It was named after the ancient Greek city of Odessos, which was mistakenly believed to have been located here. It has also produced many musicians, including the violinists Nathan Milstein, David Oistrakh and Igor Oistrakh, Boris Goldstein, Zakhar Bron and pianists Sviatoslav Richter, Benno Moiseiwitsch, Vladimir de Pachmann, Shura Cherkassky, Emil Gilels, Maria Grinberg, Simon Barere, Leo Podolsky and Yakov Zak. [34][35] Internal Affairs Ministry advisor Zorian Shkiryak said on 25 December that Odessa and Kharkiv had become "cities which are being used to escalate tensions" in Ukraine. Electric tramway started to operate on 22 August 1907. The airport is also often used by citizens of neighbouring countries for whom Odessa is the nearest large city and who can travel visa-free to Ukraine. There are paintings from Caravaggio, Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo. Weather in Odessa in July 2020. [citation needed]. p. 342. The average annual temperature in Odessa is 10.2 °C | 50.4 °F. The first car in the Russian Empire, a Mercedes-Benz belonging to V. Navrotsky, came to Odessa from France in 1891. Yedisan Crimean Tatars traded there in the 14th century. The city of Odessa, founded by the Russian Empress Catherine the Great, centers on the site of the Turkish fortress Khadzhibei, which was occupied by a Russian Army in 1789. Odessa is a major maritime-transport hub that includes several ports including Port of Odessa, Port of Chornomorsk (ferry, freight), Yuzhne (freight only). [42], A 2015 study by the International Republican Institute found that 68% of Odessa was ethnic Ukrainian, and 25% ethnic Russian. Sea temperature In Odessa, Ukraine, in September, the average water temperature is 21.7°C (71.1°F). Before the Tsarist establishment of Odessa, an ancient Greek settlement existed at its location. Numerous sculptures can also be found within the grounds as well as a musical fountain, the waters of which are computer controlled to coordinate with the musical melody being played. In 1905, Odessa was the site of a workers' uprising supported by the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin and the Menshevik's Iskra. Through most of the 19th century and until the mid 20th century, the largest ethnic group in Odessa was Russians, with the second largest ethnic group being Jews.[49]. Passenger ships and ferries connect Odessa with Istanbul, Haifa and Varna, whilst river cruises can occasionally be booked for travel up the Dnieper River to cities such as Kherson, Dnipro and Kyiv. The best time of year to visit Odessa in Ukraine. The city has produced many writers, including Isaac Babel, whose series of short stories, Odessa Tales, are set in the city. This resulted in the development of spa culture and the establishment of a number of high-end hotels in the city. Lyudmila Pavlichenko, the famous female sniper, took part in the battle for Odessa. 4-power scope. Other sectors of the city's economy include the banking sector: the city hosts a branch of the National Bank of Ukraine. [23] It soon recovered and the growth in trade made Odessa Russia's largest grain-exporting port. [21], In the period from 1795 to 1814 the population of Odessa increased 15 times over and reached almost 20 thousand people. Other than the National University, the city is also home to the 1921-inaugurated Odessa National Economic University, the Odessa National Medical University (founded 1900), the 1918-founded Odessa National Polytechnic University and the Odessa National Maritime University (established 1930). What is the weather like in March in Odessa? [36], Odessa is situated (46°28′N 30°44′E / 46.467°N 30.733°E / 46.467; 30.733) on terraced hills overlooking a small harbor on the Black Sea in the Gulf of Odessa, approximately 31 km (19 mi) north of the estuary of the Dniester river and some 443 km (275 mi) south of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. The total shoreline length of Odessa's sea port is around 7.23 kilometres (4.49 mi). The average annual temperature in Odessa is 10.2 °C. The Seventh-Kilometer Market is a major commercial complex on the outskirts of the city where private traders now operate one of the largest market complexes in Eastern Europe. Many parts of Odessa were damaged during both its siege and recapture on 10 April 1944, when the city was finally liberated by the Red Army. Richelieu founded Odessa – watched over it with paternal care – labored with a fertile brain and a wise understanding for its best interests – spent his fortune freely to the same end – endowed it with a sound prosperity, and one which will yet make it one of the great cities of the Old World". In the Middle Ages successive rulers of the Odessa region included various nomadic tribes (Petchenegs, Cumans), the Golden Horde, the Crimean Khanate, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Ottoman Empire. The Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Art is big art museum; it has large European collections from the 16–20th centuries along with the art from the East on display. [62] The transfer of ownership took place on 10 November 1806. Georgi Rosenblum, who was employed by William Melville as one of the first spies of the British Secret Service Bureau, was a native Odessan. In Odessa, Ukraine, during the entire year, the rain falls for 122 days and collects up to 453mm (17.8") of precipitation. [38] Also a potential danger to the infrastructure and architecture of the city is the presence of multiple openings underground. With the end of the World War I and withdrawal of armies of Central Powers, the Soviet forces fought for control over the country with the army of the Ukrainian People's Republic. Additionally Turkish Airlines wide network and daily flights offers more than 246 destinations all over the world. Odessa's oil and chemical processing facilities are connected to Russian and European networks by strategic pipelines. Today’s and tonight’s Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and Weather.com The Odessan Jew in the jokes always "came out clean" and was, in the end, a lovable character – unlike some of other jocular nation stereotypes such as The Chukcha, The Ukrainian, The Estonian or The American.[67]. The sea is mild and warm, the nightclubs in the Arcadia district are filled with people, fresh fruits and vegetables are in abundance sold at the "Privoz" market. One of the most popular cities in Ukraine is Odessa, which boasts a charming atmosphere and unforgettable color. Many of Odessa's buildings have, rather uniquely for a Ukrainian city, been influenced by the Mediterranean style of classical architecture. Whether the Bay of Odessa is the ancient "Port of the Histrians" cannot yet be considered a settled question based on the available evidence. What is the weather like in June in Odessa? Historic, present and future dates for daylight saving time and clock changes. [4] After a period of Lithuanian Grand Duchy control, Hacibey and surroundings became part of the domain of the Ottomans in 1529 and remained there until the empire's defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. Additionally the city hardly ever faces the phenomenon of sea-freezing. Foreign business ventures have thrived in the area, as since 1 January 2000, much of the city and its surrounding area has been declared[by whom?] ), Dnistryansky, М.S. Mechnikov' National University, Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine, Trukhanov officially won the mayoral election in Odessa, Ukrainian local elections: City-by-city guide to this weekend’s runoff votes, "Who's Behind A String Of Bombings In Ukraine's Black Sea 'Pearl'? Ze'ev Jabotinsky was born in Odessa, and largely developed his version of Zionism there in the early 1920s. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of June and September you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). [28] After the Nazi forces began to lose ground on the Eastern Front, the Romanian administration changed its policy, refusing to deport the remaining Jewish population to extermination camps in German occupied Poland, and allowing Jews to work as hired labourers. From 1819 to 1858, Odessa was a free port—a porto-franco. It is also the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast and a multiethnic cultural center. Agriculture is a relatively important sector in the territories surrounding the city. [30], Postage stamp of the USSR 1965 “Hero-City Odessa 1941-1945”, Obverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa", Reverse of the Soviet campaign medal "For the Defence of Odessa"; inscription reads “For our Soviet homeland”. The defense of Odessa lasted 73 days from 5 August to 16 October 1941. [6], Odessa is a warm-water port. [27], The city suffered severe damage and sustained many casualties over the course of the war. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. What is the weather like in August in Odessa? Another notable port, Chornomorsk, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. The 2 May 2014 Odessa clashes between pro-Ukrainian and pro-Russian protestors killed 42 people. Travel weather and climate description. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa ☃ Water Temperature in localities in Odessa ☀ Weather forecast for Odessa in July ☔. The territory of Odessa is divided into four administrative raions (districts): In addition, every raion has its own administration, subordinate to the Odessa City council, and with limited responsibilities. This is particularly noticeable in buildings built by architects such as the Italian Francesco Boffo, who in early 19th-century built a palace and colonnade for the Governor of Odessa, Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, the Potocki Palace and many other public buildings. The tradition has been celebrated since the early 1970s, when the humor of Ukraine’s citizens were drawn to television and the media, further developing into a mass festival. [12] By middle of 15th century the settlement was depopulated.[12]. How many seasons of year does Odessa have? The Odessa International Film Festival is also held in this city annually since 2010. He was a popular city publisher of the newspaper The Odessa Leaf. to the high level of service and the quality of services. The rainfall here averages 459 mm. The city's Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy is one of the world's leading ophthalmology clinics. Odessites were and are viewed in the ethnic stereotype as sharp-witted, street-wise and eternally optimistic. Time changes between years 2019 and 2023 in Ukraine – Odesa are shown here. Yaakov Dori, the first Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, and President of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, was born in Odessa, as was Israel Dostrovsky, Israeli physical chemist who was the fifth president of the Weizmann Institute of Science. The city's budget is also controlled by the administration. What is the hottest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? Odessa is located in between the ancient Greek cities of Tyras and Olbia, different from the ancient Odessos's location further west along the coast, which is at present day Varna, Bulgaria. Odessa was the site of a large Greek settlement no later than the middle of the 6th century BC (a necropolis from the 5th–3rd centuries BC has long been known in this area). Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The cyclist and aviator Sergei Utochkin was one of the most famous natives of Odessa in the years before the Russian Revolution. Images gallery. He is best known for winning season six of X-Factor Ukraine and for representing Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018, singing the song "Under the Ladder". Travel guide and advices. Monthly averages Odessa Longitude: -102.368, Latitude: 31.8457 Average weather Odessa, TX - 79760. Most of the city's 19th-century houses were built of limestone mined nearby. The most popular sport in Odessa is football. Temperature 11 °C 52 °F; High Temperature 15 °C 59 °F; Low Temperature 7 °C 45 °F; Sunshine Hours 6 hours; Rainfall 30 mm; Rainfall Days 9 days; Sea Temperature 20 °C 68 °F What became Mykhailovsky Square was the center of this settlement and the site of its first Orthodox church, the Church of the Dormition, built in 1821 close to the seashore, as well as of a cemetery. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. A more recent Tatar settlement was also founded at the location by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea in 1440 that was named after him as Hacibey (or Khadjibey). [17], In 1795 Khadjibey was officially renamed as Odessa after a Greek colony of Odessos that supposedly was located in the area. What was the coldest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? Station Data. Israeli painter Avigdor Stematsky (1908–89) was born in Odessa. [citation needed] These qualities are reflected in the "Odessa dialect", which borrows chiefly from the characteristic speech of the Odessan Jews, and is enriched by a plethora of influences common for the port city. [16] The commander of the land forces in Ochakiv Oblast was appointed Graf (Count) Suvorov-Rymnikskiy. Nature. Reset Map, or Add PWS. What is the weather like in November in Odessa? However, since Odessa is a city of regional significance, this makes the city subject directly to the administration of the oblast's authorities, thus removing it from the responsibility of the municipality. Due to the effects of climate and weather on sedimentary rocks beneath the city, the result is instability under some buildings' foundations. Summer is generally the best time to visit (between June and September), although it can occasionally be uncomfortably hot and many hotels do not have air conditioning. Национальный состав населения районов, городов и крупных сел союзных республик СССР", "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 - English version - Results - General results of the census - National composition of population - Odesa region", "Official Website of the city administration: Structure of the Mayorality", "Incumbent Odesa Mayor Trukhanov declared winner in Sunday mayoral election", "Official Website of the city administration: City Council", "Official Website of the city administration, Standing commissions of the City Council", Commons:Category:Medici lions at Vorontsov palace in Odessa, "Jacob Weinberg: Piano Concerto No. Odessa climate summary The Odessa lies on 55m above sea level The climate in Odessa is warm and temperate. It is said that thanks to its unique acoustics even a whisper from the stage can be heard in any part of the hall. Odessa today. In Odessa, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Russia formally gained possession of the Sanjak of Özi (Ochacov Oblast)[14] as a result of the Treaty of Jassy (Iaşi)[12] in 1792 and it became a part of Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty. (2006) Этнополитическая география Украины = Етнополітична географія України. The first line was 80 kilometres (50 miles) long and situated some 25 to 30 kilometres (16 to 19 miles) from the city. This is largely because the higher winter temperatures and coastal location of Odessa prevent significant snowfall. Weather in Odessa Ukraine. Snow cover is often light or moderate, and municipal services rarely experience the same problems that can often be found in other, more northern, Ukrainian cities. Basketball is also a prominent sport in Odessa, with BC Odessa representing the city in the Ukrainian Basketball League, the highest tier basketball league in Ukraine. The city became the home of a large Jewish community during the 19th century, and by 1897 Jews were estimated to comprise some 37% of the population. There are two routes of public transport which connect Odessa Airport with the city center: trolley-bus №14 and marshrutka №117.[84]. "The Greek Colonisation of the Black Sea Area: Historical Interpretation of Archaeology," December 1998, Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. The Port of Odessa became a provisional headquarters for the Ukrainian Navy, following the Russian occupation of Crimea in 2014. [42] Up until the early 1940s the city had a large Jewish population. Fine Arts museum is the biggest art gallery in the city, which collection includes canvas mostly of Russian painters from 17th-21st centuries, icon collection and modern art. As a result, despite the events of 1941, the survival of the Jewish population in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied eastern Europe. A medal, "For the Defence of Odessa", was established on 22 December 1942. The South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University is also based in the city, this is one of the largest institutions for the preparation of educational specialists in Ukraine and is recognised as one of the country's finest of such universities. [77] In 2003 this sector recorded a total revenue of 189,2 mln UAH. Everything You Need to Know about the Weather in Odessa Ukraine. The wettest month is September with an average of 60mm of rain. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Odessa. In 1794, the city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Russian empress Catherine the Great. In early autumn the weather is comfortable as well, and Odessa is well worth a visit. Many ended up in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Brighton Beach, sometimes known as "Little Odessa". Some local historians consider that the settlement predates Odessa by about thirty years and assert that the locality was founded by Moldavians who came to build the fortress of Yeni Dunia for the Ottomans and eventually settled in the area in the late 1760s, right next to the settlement of Khadjibey (since 1795 Odessa proper), on what later became the Primorsky Boulevard. [15] On permission of the Archbishop of Yekaterinoslav Amvrosiy, the Black Sea Kosh Host, that was located around the area between Bender and Ochakiv, built second after Sucleia wooden church of Saint Nicholas. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa: How many hours of sunshine per day in Odessa? Odessa is sometimes called the "pearl of the Black Sea",[3] the "South Capital" (under the Russian Empire and Soviet Union), and "Southern Palmyra". The "Odessite speech" became a staple of the "Soviet Jew" depicted in a multitude of jokes and comedy acts, in which a Jewish adherent served as a wise and subtle dissenter and opportunist, always pursuing his own well-being, but unwittingly pointing out the flaws and absurdities of the Soviet regime. The Odessa Sea Port is located on an artificial stretch of Black Sea coast, along with the north-western part of the Gulf of Odessa. So you can get the best from your stay. Mechnikov' National University. Sources of running water in the city include the Dniester River, from which water is taken and then purified at a processing plant just outside the city. [citation needed], These authors and comedians played a great role in establishing the "Odessa myth" in the Soviet Union. The composer Jacob Weinberg (1879–1956) was born in Odessa. Some expressed doubts about this claim, while others noted the reputation of Gribovsky as an honest and modest man.[9]. Below you will find an exact comparison: The city is also home to a university botanical garden, which recently celebrated its 200th anniversary, and a number of other smaller gardens. During the tsarist era, Odessa's climate was considered to be beneficial for the body, and thus many wealthy but sickly persons were sent to the city in order to relax and recuperate. However, adjacent to the new official locality, a Moldavian colony already existed, which by the end of the 18th century was an independent settlement named Moldavanka. ODESSA UKRAINE WEATHER. The nearly ice-free port lies near the mouths of the Dnieper, the Southern Bug, the Dniester and the Danube rivers, which provide good links to the hinterland. Odessa is one of the warmest region in Ukraine with an average daily high temperature of 16 degrees centigrade. The climate guide for Odessa, Ukraine shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Odessa Ukraine weather September Holiday season stretches in the city until the middle of autumn, when there is still warm air and temperature of sea water acceptable for swimming. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Odesa, Odessa, Ukraine. There are five deputy mayors, each of which is responsible for a certain particular part of the city's public policy. What is the temperature in Odessa month by month? Some of the Odessans had a more favourable view of the Romanian occupation, in contrast with the Soviet official view that the period was exclusively a time of hardship, deprivation, oppression and suffering – claims embodied in public monuments and disseminated through the media to this day. His contributions to the city are mentioned by Mark Twain in his travelogue Innocents Abroad: "I mention this statue and this stairway because they have their story. [24] Pogroms were carried out in 1821, 1859, 1871, 1881 and 1905. Odessa; Ukraine Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. In 1998, after many years of neglect, the city decided to raise funds for a replacement track and cars. The third and last line of defense was organized inside the city itself. (These others were Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Sevastopol). This created a gigantic complicated labyrinth of tunnels beneath Odessa, known as "Odessa Catacombs". The city of Odessa is governed by a mayor and city council which work cooperatively to ensure the smooth-running of the city and procure its municipal bylaws. One section of the troops came under command of a Spaniard in Russian service, Major General José de Ribas (known in Russia as Osip Mikhailovich Deribas); today, the main street in Odessa, Deribasivska Street, is named after him. Even the driest month still has a lot of rainfall. [71], Mikhail Zhvanetsky, writer, satirist and performer best known for his shows targeting different aspects of the Soviet and post-Soviet everyday life is one of most famous living Odessans. Average Weather in Odessa Ukraine. He composed over 135 works and was the founder of the Jewish National Conservatory in Jerusalem before immigrating to the U.S. where he became "an influential voice in the promotion of American Jewish music". Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist. Other routes of national significance, passing through Odessa, include the M16 Highway to Moldova, M15 to Izmail and Romania, and the M14 which runs from Odessa, through Mykolaiv and Kherson to Ukraine's eastern border with Russia. Current population is 1,017,699 (2020 est. [12] In 1803 the city accounted for 9,000 people. [12] Since 1795, the city had its own city magistrate, and since 1796 a city council of six members and the Odessa Commodity Exchange. Find the most current and reliable 14 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Odessa, UA with The Weather Network. Climate ‘Godzilla’ dust storm may have a connection to low Arctic sea ice. Summers on the other hand do see an increased level of precipitation, and the city often experiences warm weather with temperatures often reaching into the high 20s and low 30s. 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Change of landscape along the Black sea, Odessa 's port is around 7.23 kilometres ( 4.49 mi ) lived! Ru ] claimed in his film, Battleship Potemkin to Great Fontaine and the second team. On 27 January 1795, the port of Odessa hosts both the port of Odessa in August is (. The remaining Jewish population emigrated to Israel, the Alexander Column and observatory. 73 days from 5 August to 16 October 1941 '' `` Сколько действительно населения в?! For 3,455 people well, and weekend the minimum temperature ( usually the temperature!
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