2. Rituals – The culture played significant part in traditional practices and ceremonies. Rituals generally appeal for help and help to the spirits of the ancestors or nature. Just as the concept of Satan is familiar to the Abrahamic faiths, in Africa they talk about the Trickster, and ceremonies would seek to ward off the impact of the Trickster and evil spirits. Elect One Leader…If You Can…, Friday Sermon Summary 25th December 2020: ‘Rightly Guided Caliphs – Hazrat Ali (ra)’, The Origins of Vaccines – A Full Circle Story of Muslim Contributions, Launch of German Edition of The Review of Religions, A Historic Achievement: New Qur’anic Font Under the Guidance of Khilafat, Acceptance of Prayer – Success Comes from God, Unravelling the Truth About Eve: Her Position in History According to Islam, Muslim Television Ahmadiyya International. For Christianity, it is the first century AD, and maybe beyond; and for Islam the seventh century. Sacrifice – Many ancient African religions offered their gods or spirits some kind of sacrifice. The ironworkers were the finest of the craftsmen. African religions emphasize maintaining a harmonious relationship with the divine powers, and their rituals attempt to harness cosmic powers and channel them for good. Ancient African Traditional Religions Before Christianity and Islamic. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. In Africa, the term ancestors does not cover all predecessors, but only those of high rank and achievement, who act as mediators to access divine guidance and favour. History of African traditional religion Christianity came to Africa from the outside, it happened, as the legend says, in 42, then the Orthodox Coptic Church was formed by the Apostle Mark. About 10 per cent of the African population is still practicing some form of traditional religion today. It is often evident that adults, children and other family members have an established system, as do more senior figures in a village or community. Priests (sometimes known as witchdoctors) may cast spells or offer charms to help people with their diseases or other issues. Again the reverence for ancestors stems from the same concept of social order that is seen throughout African life. Contact Us In Benin, the ritual to achieve the devotion of the Vodun ancestors led to what is now the popularised Voodoo traditions of Haiti in the Caribbean [10]. In this way, we might find traces of the prophets and revelations given to the tribes of Africa. These traditions are not religious principles, but a cultural identity that is passed on through stories, myths and tales. Thus, linguistic experts such as Christopher Ehretand Placide Tempels have applied their knowledge of languages towards reconstructing the original core beliefs of the followers of these traditions. Nothing is hidden from Him. The tribes across Africa have various names for the High God such as Maa for the Bambara, Irke for the Songhey or Amma for the Dogun (Velton, p.31). "African Religions and Philosophy" is a systematic study of the attitudes of mind and belief that have evolved in the many societies of Africa. Traditional Religions The religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa are Christianity and Islam. These traditions have been passed from one generation to the next. However, there were many traditional religions practiced prior to the arrival of these two religions. There are hundreds of major tribes across Africa with their own languages and distinct cultures, but broadly they are grouped into the following families: The locations of the various tribes are shown in the following map: Across African tribes, there is a recurring theme of an ultimate superior Creator in the heavens, as illustrated through the following proverbs and prayers passed down: ‘Nzame (God) is on high, man is on the earth’, Fang Tradition (Gabon), ‘God, you are in the heavens, you are the only one’, Anuak Prayer (Sudan), ‘The earth is wide, but God is the elder’, Akan Proverb (Ghana). The indigenous religious beliefs and practices of African peoples include various traditional religions. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. African Traditional Religions are sets of diverse beliefs that are followed by people in separate places. And in the 2nd century, a new religion became popular in Egypt, as well as in Ethiopia and Eritrea. But it is also noticeable that the major world religions all seem to originate from the Middle East and South East Asia. His justice is true and he will examine your feet, he will know how to find every stain, whether visible or hidden under the skin; if you have fallen on the way, he will know. Traditional African religion has common themes such as a Creator or High God, positive ancestor influences as well as tricksters, and an afterlife with spirit worlds. Some of the African traditional religions are those of the Serer of Senegal, the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, and the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast. They have been nurtured with the local practices and culture, but still carry some similarities, like pantheism, in their structures. Over time, the concept of ‘home’ may be hazy, but knowledge that this is not the end means that people accept their position in society, accept trials and tribulations such as plagues and floods, and seem to be less inclined to hoarding worldly possessions. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. African Traditional Religion: An Examination of Terminologies Used for Describing the Indigenous Faith of African People, Using an Afrocentric Paradigm African traditional religions stress healing and the spiritual well-being of people and are usually expressed through dance and music. The modern understanding has evolved through syncretism with Christian and Islamic influences, and often these beliefs are practised alongside Islam and Christianity in rural communities. Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. Rain will come and again the sun will shine, and over it all passes the eyes of God. The main difference is that the revelations were never written down, and have therefore evolved through verbal transmission from generation to generation. Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. Traditional African Religion and Culture. Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. An example is among the Dinka tribe in South Sudan (Enc. The Yoruba of Nigeria record that Obatala creates the physical body, but the greater Olodumare who sits in the heavens, blows the spirit into the body [5]. These proverbs show an understanding of a superior Creator who is also on a different physical plane to mankind, often depicted as being in the heavens. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. Understanding the Creator is intrinsic in mankind, and not learned, as the following Ghanaian proverb highlights: ‘God needs no pointing out to a child’, Akan Proverb (Ghana). In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions. They would also tell the future with magic and “casting the bones” where they would throw bones and tell the person’s fortune in the way the bones fell. So when their Messenger comes, it is judged between them with equity, and they are not wronged.’ [1], ‘And We did raise among every people a Messenger, preaching: “Worship Allah and shun the Evil One”. There is also a Hadith [4] saying of the Holy Prophet (sa)] recording a conversation in which Prophet  Muhammad (sa) when asked how many Prophets had been sent to mankind, answered that there were 124,000! There are similar accounts hidden away in African culture, such as this song from Benin: ‘At the gates of the land of the dead you will pass before a searching Judge. This movement spread to the entire North African coast. Why Religion Shouldn’t Be Pushed Aside at Work, Imagining the Divine – Art & the Rise of World Religions, Dear Muslim Ummah! The prominence of ancestors is everywhere in Africa, even amongst the followers of Christianity and Islam. Travelling around Africa, it is clear that people are comfortable with a social order that has been in place since antiquity. The African History is a reliable blog site dedicated to sharing African Culture and History. They were organised in tribes with a hierarchy, and each tribe had a chief or king with a religious legitimacy [6]. You can submit your story for publishing through above email. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. Often good behaviour is highlighted in proverbs, such as this Kenyan proverb about the virtue of being humble: ‘It is humility that exalts one and favours him against his friends’, Kipsigis Proverb (Kenya). Nature Spirits – There are a variety of spirits under the supreme god who often reside in nature like animals , water, and the earth. This Yoruba proverb from Nigeria illustrates the Golden Rule of treating others as you would want to be treated yourself: ‘One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a baby bird should first try it on himself to feel how it hurts.’, (Yoruba Proverb, Nigeria). In the case of African traditional religion, it can be traced back to the very beginning of the emergence of African peoples. Christianity: An African traditional religion « Prev . It is most difficult to properly understand a religion if you do not know it’s history. The gods Oludmare from Nigeria, Nhialic of South Sudan and Katonda from Uganda are examples. They believe different things about life after we die on earth, they believe that different things are and are not God, and they believe different types of people are and are not prophets and priests. Retrouvez African Traditional Religions: In Contemporary Society et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. There must have been many Messengers that we are not aware of, but whose legacy would be imprinted in the changes in behaviour and culture resulting from their teachings. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. Some of the African traditional religions are those of the Serer of Senegal, the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, and the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and the Bono of Ghana and Ivory Coast. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. Trained in the new method of \"fieldwork\"—which entailed observing participants and speaking the language of the community—these anthropologists worked for their governments. There are many behaviours that are expected of people. The four linguistic phylums spoken in Africa are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Khoi-San. Sometimes this will also be manifested in a move to towns with communal responsibility and shared worship from traditional pastoral herders who would have moved across the region just as the Tuareg do to this day. Having established that a more powerful Creator sits above us and sees everything that we do, there is also a recognition that the Creator is also our benefactor, planning and providing for us: ‘As you plan for somebody, so God plans for you’, Igbo Proverb, (Nigeria). The witch doctors also used herbs and other remedies for sick people. Then there is the characteristic of the Creator being omnipresent and seeing all of our actions and thoughts: ‘God has nothing hid from him’, Ovambo Proverb (Angola), ‘The sun shines and sends its burning rays down upon us, the moon rises in its glory. Sometimes tribes refer to lots of deities especially from an animist perspective, but they almost always recognise a High God or Creator. If the Judge finds no stains on your feet, open your belly to joy, for you have overcome and your belly is clean’. Then among them were some whom Allah guided and among them were some who became deserving of ruin.’ [2], ‘And We sent some Messengers whom we have already mentioned to thee and some Messengers whom we have not mentioned to thee.’ [3]. Among the tribes, they will often have statues or use mask ceremonies to access secondary divinities or intermediaries between humans and the High God. African traditional religions in some parts of Africa, have had an elaborate pantheon of divinities. Other great empires such as Great Zimbabwe built by descendants of the Shona people had amazing architecture depicting their power, but also had what are thought to be temple complexes before the advent of Islam and Christianity through trade [6]. Retrouvez African traditional religion, it is also noticeable that the revelations were never written down, each! Were never written down, and website in this browser for the next the Middle East and South East.... 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