(kəˈlouniəˌlɪzəm) noun. territorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterized labor and restriction in trading. Neighboring powers fought to displace or encroach into another territory. Colonial definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of a colony. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” In practice, colonialism is when one country violently invades and takes control of … ‘The positive case argues that, on the contrary, colonialism played an economically progressive role.’ ‘This is the clearest manifestation of resurgent imperialism and colonialism on a world scale.’ The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of America (1492). Have you ever wondered about these lines? Accessed 27 Dec. 2020. Nevertheless, inthe sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because oftechnological developments in navig… 2. the system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such control or influence. They also moved to sites that had plenty natural resources needed by their factories. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'colonialism.' Colonialism in the modern sense began with the " Age of Discovery ", led by Portuguese, and then by the Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of … From 1870s to 1900s, parts of the world The word “colony” is borrowed from the Latin word colonia which means “a place for agriculture.” From the eleventh to eighteen centuries, the Vietnamese people founded colonies outside their place which they later absorbed through a process called namtien. All the above interests forced the need of having colonies overseas. See also: Government. The definition of colonialism is the act of one nation controlling another for economic gain. After the raw materials were processed Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium, among others had to secure markets for their goods. In surrogate colonialism projects for settlers were developed in the colonies. Settling in this new region is a part of colonialism. the implementation of various political, economic, and social policies to enable a state to maintain or extend its authority and control over other territories. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Colonial definition, of, concerning, or pertaining to a colony or colonies: the colonial policies of France. “Colonialism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/colonialism. See more. After independence, European settlers faced options of getting assimilated or returning to their birth countries’ independence. Increasing demands for wealth and resources heightened tensions between European civilizations and compelled European states to expand their territories into Asia, Africa and the Americas in order to extract resources. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? 3 a : control by one power over a dependent area or people the colonialism of the British … Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. They established trading centers and amassed the surrounding areas as a way of expanding their control. Colonialism is defined as a practice in which a power sets up colonies or settlements elsewhere (in other countries or territories) (Singh, 2001) for the political and economic benefit of the colonizing country. Colonialism was a borrowed term to differentiate it from other types of expansionism. -Ologies & -Isms. Colonialism is a complex phenomenon of capitalist expansion. By Mercie Chelaa on October 13 2017 in Society. We can no longer see colonialism but many nations in the world are experiencing the neocolonialism now. The immediate and long-lasting effects on the indigenous peoples were colossal. Many chose the latter and led to establishment of bodies that helped in cooperation between the former colonies and their colonizers, for example, Commonwealth of Nations by Britain. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Neo-colonialism was quite evident during the Cold War of the 20th century, as the then global superpowers, the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective satellite countries engaged in their ideological conflict. types of colonialism: settler colonialism, exploitation colonialism, and surrogate colonialism. diplomatic pressures, forceful invasion, and eventually colonization of those places. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? colonialism. Colonizers had the main reason that led Colonialism was a large part of the economic philosophy of mercantilism, which argued that a nation's economic state had to be assessed through ensuring greater exports than imports. Western colonialism, a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. Those goals were used to differentiate the What made you want to look up colonialism? Colonialism is the act or the policy or the dominating practice characterized by a nation which seeks to maintain its authority over people of other countries. Delivered to your inbox! He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Colonialism. Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced. them established colonies overseas. 1 : the quality or state of being colonial. — colonialistic, adj. 2 : something characteristic of a colony. This establishment of colonies away from their home continent differentiated other forms of expansionism from colonialism. An example of colonialism was England’s control over India. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. England colonized many areas in the world. Both warring parties accused each other of neo-colonialism and used notorious means to have their interests protected in underdeveloped countries including sponsoring military coups and civil wars. people suffer in the hands of the colonizer where they are subjected to hard France created the French colonial empire, Britain formed British empire, and Germany established Dutch empire. practice of establishingterritorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterizedby exploitation Colonialism is the control that a country or government holds over the territory and the people in a foreign country. What is colonialism? by exploitation, expansion, and maintenance of that territory. Settler colonialism is when settlers migrate in large It is a sort of domination policy through which a political party/ power of one territory or area, by force, tries to establish its own colony in another territory. This act of retaining its authority over another country is usually so as to develop or exploit the country being colonized in a manner that will benefit the country colonizing them. The focus of exploitation colonialism was to obtain raw materials for industries. Colonialism,then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Mostly, the imperialist powers benefited; they got ready and cheap raw materials for their industries leading to economic improvement. The ancient type of colonialism gave birth to the modern colonialism which came into effect during the “Age of Discovery” where the Spain and Portugal discovered the South and Central Americas during their sea traveling. • Colonialism is when an empire or a country goes and conquers another country or region. Colonialism definition, the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. Postcolonialism, the historical period or state of affairs representing the aftermath of Western colonialism; the term can also be used to describe the concurrent project to reclaim and rethink the history and agency of people subordinated under various forms of imperialism. Subsequently, during the 17th century other nations were motivated to move overseas to establish their rule. Colonialism is a system where the resources of a country are exploited by some other country. How to use colonial in a sentence. Colonialism is "a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another" (Kohn, 2006). Much of the success of the empires came about from the exploitation and enslavement of indigenous peoples, as well as the obliteration of indigenous groups, languages, and cultures. Send us feedback. colonialism in American English. • Definition of Colonialism and Imperialism: • Imperialism is when a country or an empire starts influencing other countries by using its power. Colonialism is rule by outsiders but, unlike annexation, does not involve actual incorporation into the dominant people's nation. colonialism definition: 1. the belief in and support for the system of one country controlling another 2. the belief in and…. Between the 16th century and 20th century, the European nations wanted to improve their economy and retain political supremacy over the perceived weak countries. numbers to colonies for a political, economic, or religious purpose. The societies that faced this form of imperialism put up resistance to deny the Egyptian P… The Nigeria Police Force dates back to British, People were more interested in the legacy of British, The statues and buildings vandalized on Wednesday and Thursday appear to have been targeted in protest of, Migration, after all, had been crucial to that process of appropriation by people who, under the weight of, Maryse Conde has been a betting favorite in recent years, and her work, which explores, The People’s Republic of China asserted sovereignty over Tibet in 1951 as part of a broader effort by Mao Zedong’s communists to consolidate control over territory historically claimed by China before decades of, Post the Definition of colonialism to Facebook, Share the Definition of colonialism on Twitter. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. For example, one of the causes of the Second World War was an effort by Japan to expand its area by conquering the British, United States, French, and Dutch empires. It encompasses the control that a ruling empire has on a territory, and colonies are typically described as areas used for economic exploitation. Colonialism is a direct control over a subjugated nation whereas neocolonialism is an indirect involvement. However, as the colonial powers competed for colonies, conflicts of interest emerged resulting in war. Get help with your Colonialism homework. Colonialism also produced social forms in the colonies that were distinct from those in place in Europe, even. Learn more. It started with European aggression, Usually, it is a more powerful, richer country that takes control … Colonialism is the practice by which a powerful country directly controls less powerful countries and uses their resources to increase its own power and wealth....the bitter oppression of slavery and colonialism. Therefore, they sent their representatives to various places overseas to secure their interest. Definition of colonialism. The term "colonialism" is possibly one of the most confusing, if not contested, concepts in American history and international relations theory. Learn a new word every day. Most Americans would likely be hard-pressed to define it beyond the "colonial period" of U.S. history when early European immigrants established their colonies in the New World. — colonialist, n., adj. 1. the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. Colonialism is the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over people by a foreign power for an extended period (W. Bell, 1991). Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. 3. the state or condition of being colonial. See more. In a narrow sense, colonialism refers to the process of control of supplies of raw materials, mineral resources, and markets in underdeveloped and pre-­capitalist regions. The introduction of new diseases by explorers also caused local epidemics. Ancient and medieval colonialism was practiced by the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and the crusaders, among others. It is not just about the development of the used country itself but comes with the systematic status in their power relationship. The indigenous “Settler-Colonialism and Genocide Policies in North America” shows how the settler-colonial agenda of the United States (and Canada to a lesser … were subjected to colonialism. Colonialism is the economic, social, political, and cultural domination of a society over an extended period of time. Colonialism is the practice of establishing Access the answers to hundreds of Colonialism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Theancient Greeks set up colonies as did the Romans, the Moors, and theOttomans, to name just a few of the most famous examples. Synonyms for colonialism include colonisation, colonization, expansionism, imperialism, interventionism, domination, empire-building, neocolonialism and manifest … World history is full ofexamples of one society gradually expanding by incorporating adjacentterritory and settling its people on newly conquered territory. The establishment of empires resulted in positive and negative aspects for the colonial powers. 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